Traditional Farming in Nepal
Traditional farming is done by using resources at hand effectively i.e. using the land, rainfall, seeds, and tillage methods to produce what nature offers. Traditional processes are used to till the land, select and plant seeds, protect plants from competing plants and animals and gather the harvest. The productivity of such systems depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soils, skillful care, and on the climate. Initially the productivity is less, as producers are isolated from the access to market and outsider investor. But after access to market and outsider investor, their productivity tends to grow slowly.
- Natural & healthy.
- Many different types of crops can be grown per acre which replenishes the soil.
- Prevents the reliance on one type of "staple" crop.
- More hand works, so more employment.
- It may yield less but there is sufficient quality attached to its yield.
- As insecticides are not used, there is more risk of plants suffering from diseases.
- It increases the cost of production as this method does not uses soil enrichment products and technology.
- It's more reliant upon rainfall, so drought is very common.
- Quantity of crop yield is less.
In Nepal,majority of the farmers still practice traditional methods of farming like using livestock for ploughing land, using livestock’s waste as manure, employing old seeds and local labor. About 25% of land remains uncultivated due to lack of modern farming techniques. Farming in Nepal is seasonal and weather dependent. In Nepal, the basic farming is a cycle of paddy and wheat production which is always affected by various natural and manual causes like drought, excess rain, lack of seeds and labor. The scenario is even worse in the hills and the Himalayan region where bad terrain and steep land is a hindrance for better productivity. Nepali traditional farming involves the use of local seeds and manure. But for the last few decades, the government has introduced hybrid seeds and fertilizers for better productivity. Nonetheless, the fertilizers & pesticides in Nepal are highly hazardous which adversely degrade the fertility of soil. Agriculture was never taken as an entrepreneurship due to lack of modern way of farming.