Traditional and Modern Day Farming in Nepal

Agriculture in Nepal

The major economy of Nepal depends upon agriculture. During the 1980s, more than 90% of the population was dependent on agriculture for livelihood and approximately 20 % of the land area was cultivable. Also approximately 75% of the GDP constituted of agriculture. Agriculture has been the highest priority of Nepal government since the formulation of the Fifth-Five-Year Plan (1975-1980). Nepal government has focused on irrigation, the introduction of new implements, use of new seeds of high-yield varieties, and the use of fertilizers and insecticides to increase the production. But the lack of proper management in distribution and supply inhibited progress. Also the increasing settlement in the Terai region caused environmental degradation and ecological imbalance. The annual growth of production was around 2.4 % but could not match up with annual population growth rate of 2.6%.

But the current scenario of the country has changed to a large extent. Only 66% of the population is dependent on agriculture for livelihood and it contributes 39% in the GDP with 13% of the total foreign trade of the country. The government is working under the Eighth-Five-Year plan for the betterment of agriculture in Nepal.

Geographical condition, fertile land, easy irrigation, good climate condition have boosted the agricultural production in the Terai region compared to the hills and the Himalayan region. Generally apple, citrus, paddy, wheat and maize, barley, potato, etc are produced in the Himalayan region. In the Terai, mainly paddy, wheat, pulses, moong, sugarcane, jute, tobacco and maize are cultivated.

Till now, majority of the farmers still practice traditional ways of farming. So farming is seasonal and weather dependent in Nepal. According to 'Agriculture Information and Communication Center' during 2069-70 B.S, about 30,91,000 hectares of land has been cultivated and 10,30,000 hectares has remained uncultivated due to the lack of modern farming equipment.

Some facts of production area with crops type

Traditional Farming in Nepal

Modern Day Farming in Nepal

Traditional versus Modern day Farming